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Quote, Unquote Online

Help with referencing

Leeds Beckett 'Quote, Unquote' guide provides information on the Harvard referencing system, including how to reference a variety of different formats and media.

The guide is available online in two versions: Quote, Unquote Online and downloadable Quote, Unquote PDF.

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Daily appointments are usually available (weekdays only) where you can get more help with Harvard or OSCOLA (Law) or APA (Psychology) referencing. Click on Get Help below to book an appointment, or you can ask via the Library's Contact Us page.

What’s new in the latest Quote, Unquote

Some changes in the new third edition of Quote, Unquote:

  • Title example style throughout the guide is now in italics rather than bold, although bold, italics and underlined are still acceptable (p. 10). This change was made as italics is used within the British Standard (BS 5605:1990).
  • Referencing website addresses. The advice to use shortened versions of website addresses has been removed. The full address should be included as it makes it easier to pinpoint the information you are referencing.
  • Referencing e-books and e-journals. The advice to include the database/website information for books and journals has changed in line with Cite Them Right (Pears and Shields, 2019, p. 31): “Where an e-book or e-journal looks like a printed book with publication details and pagination you should refer to it as a printed book.” Quote, Unquote now says to only use the e-book/e-journal style if the book/journal is only available as an online version.
  • Guidance on the use of names with multiple parts, e.g. Vincent van Gogh or Lynda La Plante (p. 8). No guidance existed in the previous version.
  • New sources included. Including apps, UN Treaties, reprints of classic works, foreign language material, streamed media, a wider variety of reports (including NICE, OFSTED, etc.), and general guidance on referencing a source not in the guide (p. 11). Briefing papers, added Nov 2020.
  • Reference list is now used instead of bibliography to refer to the full list of references, as bibliography generally means all sources consulted, not just those included as citations.


  • This online version will be updated with additional examples as they become available.


Quote, Unquote suggestions

If you have any feedback on the new edition of Quote, Unquote, please complete the feedback form.